Makuru season is wettest and coldest time of the year in the Noongar calendar.
The Noongar calendar is the indigenous calendar of the of the south west of Western Australia. It consists of six seasons and much more accurately depicts the weather of the region than the European’s four seasons.
Traditionally, Noongar people were nomadic and lived off the land with a deep understanding of nature. As the oldest living culture, dating back over 40,000 years, indigenous Australians mastered the rhythmic patterns in nature, adapting to the changes in the land; predicting the weather, flowering seasons, animal migration and where to find food and water sources.
June and July is the Makuru Noongar season or the season of fertility, as many animals begin to pair-up over the colder months. Black Swans ‘Mali’, return to the waterholes and waterways preparing nests, Ravens ‘Wardongs’, can be seen following each other and you may notice they stop their usual crow-call, when they find a mate.
Traditionally, at this time of year the Noongar people would move from the coast to inland, as the wind changes to the west and south, bringing with it cold fronts. Waterholes, rivers and streams begin to fill with water, allowing moving across the, otherwise, dry land, much easier and land foods become available. The ‘Yonga’ Kangaroo, was hunted for its meat and its fur was collected to make cloaks ‘Bookas’, for protection from the rain and keep warm from the colder days. At this time, snow even occasionally fell on the peaks of the Stirling Rangers.
Blue and purple flowers begin to emerge, such as the Blueberry Lilly (Dianella revoluta) and Purple Flags (Patersonia occidentalis) start to bloom. Later in the season, white flowers from the Weeping Peppermint (Agonis flexuosa) emerge, signalling the end of the Makuru Season and a change to the new season ‘Djilba’, where clearer days begin and the land begins to warm again.